Assessment of Statin Therapy, LDL-C Levels, and Cardiovascular Events Among High-Risk Patients in the United States

Background: Statins have demonstrated significant benefit in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk.

Objective: To evaluate statin treatment patterns by intensity, elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, and cardiovascular (CV) events in high-risk CVD patients.

Materials and methods: Patients included were aged ≥ 18 years, with a coronary heart disease (CHD; Jan 1, 2007-Dec 31, 2011, index date) or CHD risk equivalent (CHD RE) diagnosis (Jan 1, 2007-Dec 31, 2010, index date), in the Truven MarketScan claims database, continuously enrolled for 2 years pre- and up to 1 (CHD) or 2 (CHD RE) years post-index. Patients with CHD, CHD RE, rhabdomyolysis, or chronic kidney disease any time pre-index were excluded. Statin therapy was assessed at baseline, 30, 90, and 365 days post-index. LDL-C values were captured in patients with available data at 30-day intervals up to 1 year. CV events were evaluated up to 1 year post-index. Descriptive statistics were used to report results.

Results: There were 175,103 CHD and 68,290 CHD RE patients; 3333 CHD RE patients had post-index CV events. At 1 year, 38.7% of CHD patients and 44.3% of CHD RE patients with post-index CV events were not prescribed statins. Most patients who were prescribed statins, received a moderate-intensity statin. The percentage of patients with LDL-C ≥ 100 mg/dL reduced over time, but at 1 year, 29.3% of CHD and 30.0% of CHD RE patients with post-index CV events had LDL-C ≥ 100 mg/dL. At 1 year post-index, 9.9% CHD and 7.3% CHD RE patients had at least 1 CV event.

Conclusions: There is room for better LDL-C management among high-risk CVD patients to reduce their overall CV risk.

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